Corsica has several climate zones due to different winds and the mountains. The coastal regions have a Mediterranean climate whereas the mountains range from a continental to typically alpine climate. Rain falls almost exclusively in autumn and winter. The weather in the mountains is mostly sunny and the climate ranges from warm to hot. The most common wind in Corsica is the Southwester, which is warm in summer and brings cool air to the island in winter. The dusty Sirocco is the second most common wind.
The Corsican mountains are usually covered in snow in winter, it also occasionally snows in the coastal regions. The island’s inland may also experience snowfall until around May. It is never freezing cold in winter, the temperature usually hovers around zero.
Hours of sunshine
Strong winds can be expected all year round, which can dominate Corsica’s climate. The Sirocco blows heat from the African desert on to the island in the spring and autumn and the Greco and Tramontana winds make the Corsican east coast a stormy paradise for surfing fans.
Due to the great variety of climate and soil conditions, Corsica has a rich variety of vegetation and great number of different species. Thanks to the insularity, plants have been able to evolve freely and independently. There are 78 endemic, which means they are only found here, plants in Corsica and 42 types of Orchid. The Greeks began making wine as early as 2,500 years ago. The oil tree followed.
Corsica’s fauna is less rich in species than its flora. Nevertheless, there are still a few endemic species or subspecies, such as the Corsican fire salamander, the Corsican mountain newt and the Corsican disc-tongued frog. Mammals in Corsica include two populations of mouflon and the widespread macchia and forest areas are the ideal habitat for wild boar.